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Current Category » Rainfed Agriculture

Improved Dryland Technologies

Selection of efficient crops and their varieties, Crop planning as per length of cropping season

1. Selection of efficient crops and their varieties:

Improved varieties and hybrids of Kharif and Rabi crops have higher moisture use efficiency as compared to local varieties. Hence improved varieties are adopted for efficient moisture use.
Kharif crops: Bajara - Shraddha (RHRBH - 8609, Saburi (RHRBH - 9824)
Sunflower - Modern, SS- 56, EC - 68414, KBSH - 11, APSH - 11)
Gr. Nut - SB  X 1, K - 4 - 11, ICGS - 11, TG - 26, Koyana (B - 95)
Red gram -       No. 148, BDN - 2, ICPL - 87; TT - 6, T - Vishakha - 1.
Cowpea - Konkan Sada bahar.
Soybean - MACS - 13 Pk - 472, Monetta, JS - 335.
Setaria - Arjun
Horse gram - Sina, Man (Kulthi or Hulga)
Green gram - PM - 2, S-8, Jalgaon - 781, BM - 4, THRM - 18.
Black gram - T - 9 TPU - 4, TAU - 1, TAU - 2.
Castor - Aruna, VL - 9, Girija
Kidneybean - MBS - 27 (Matki),
Grasses - Marvel - 8; Stylo, Siratro.
In general, the use of improved varieties increases the grain yields by 20 to 25 percent over local varieties. Hence sowing of these varieties should be carried out in Rainfed Agriculture.
Rabi Crops:
Rabi sorghum - M - 35 - 1 (Maldandi), Selection - 3, Swati (SPV - 504), CSV - 14 - R.
Gram - PG - 12, Vijay, Vishal, N - 59, Chaffa, Bharati,
Safflower - Bhima, Girana

2) Crop planning as per length of cropping season:

A) Cropping season with less than 20 weeks:
Single crop either in Kharif or Rabi.
Kharif - Bajara, Green gram, Gr. nut, black gram sunflower.
Rabi - Jowar, Safflower, gram.

B) Cropping season with more that 30 weeks:
Two crops with short duration Kharif crops following by 100 - 120 days rabi crops.
E.g. Bajra / Green gram - R. Jowar, Safflower, Gram.

C) Cropping season with 20 - 30 weeks:
Suitable for intercropping e.g. Pearl millet + Red gram (2: 1)

Current Category » Rainfed Agriculture