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Current Category » Rainfed Agriculture

Methods Of Fertilizer Application

For dry land crops fertilizers are usually applied at the sowing time. For drilling the seeds and fertilizers together Jyoti ferti - seed - drill can be used. This implement can be drawn by a pair of bullocks. It is suitable for all crops except groundnut. The row to row spacing can be adjusted from 22.5 cm to 45 cm. The fertilizers are drilled 5 cm. away at proper depth developed by providing a traditional bowl rand tubes on locally available seed drills. Fertilizer needs to be placed at 10 cm. Depth and as close as possible to the seed row. The fertilizer is placed about 2 to 4 cm. deeper than seed in the same row. Locally used 3 or 4 countered seed drill can be converted to ferti - seed - drill by local carpenters.
Manure and fertilizer application schedule for dry land crops (Kharif)

Crop

 

Manure
T/ha

Fertilizers

 

 

Time of application

 

 

 

N

P

K

 

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

1.

Kharif Jowar
(Local, improved )

6-7.5

50

25

-

Whole quantity of N,P, applied at sowing.

2.

Rainfed Kharif
Hybrids of Jowar with assured rainfall.

6 - 7.5

75

62

62

1/2 N-at sowing 1/2 N at top dressing. Full dose of P and K and sowing.

3.

Maize Rainfed with assured rainfall.

12-15

90

40

40

1/2 N at sowing, 1/2 N at Knee high stage. Whole of P2O5  and K2o at sowing. 

4.

Pearl millets
(Hybrids)

5-6

50

25

-

Whole of N and P at sowing.

5.

Pearl millet
(Local and improved varieties)

5-6

25

25

-

Whole of N and P at sowing

6.

Setaria
(Rala)

3-5

50

--

--

Whole quantity of N at sowing.

7.

Hill millet

5-6

50

25

25

Whole quantity of N,P,K, at sowing.

8.

Groundnut

5

12.5

25

-

Whole quantity of N and P at sowing.

9.

Sunflower

5-6

25

25

-

--do--

10.

Niger

5

25

25

-

--do--

11.

 

5

25

25

-

--do--

12.

 

5

25

25

-

--do--

13.

 

5

12.5

25

-

--do--

14.

 

5

12.5

25

-

--do--

15.

Kidney bean

5

12.5

25

-

 

16.

Red gram

5

25

50

-

 

 
Manures and fertilizers application schedule for Rabi crops

1.

 

2

3

4

5

6

1.

Rabi Jowar on
deep soils

6-8

50

25

--

Entire quantity of N & P at sowing.

2.

Rabi Jowar on
medium deep soils

6-8

25

12/2

--

Entire quantity of N & P at sowing.

3.

Safflower

5-6

50

25

--

Entire dose of N & P at sowing.

4.

Gram

6-7

12.5

25

--

--do--

5.

Linseed

3-5

30

15

--

--do--

6.

Sunflower

3-5

50

25

--

--do--

Current Category » Rainfed Agriculture