AgriInfo.in
AgronomyHorticultureBotanySoil SciencePlant PathologyEntomologyExtentionAgril. EngineeringDairy ScienceEconomics
 
categories
 
» Water Management Including Micro Irrigation
» Principles of Agronomy
» Agricultural Meteorology
» Rainfed Agriculture
» Farming Systems & Sustainable Agriculture
» Practicals on Weed Managemet
» Crop Production - Rabi Season
» Weed Management
agriculture information

Current Category » Farming Systems & Sustainable Agriculture

Advantages and Disadvantages of Specialized Farming

Advantages:

1. Better use of land: More profitable to grow crops on land best suited to it. E.g. jute growing or cultivation on swampy land in west Bengal.
2. Better marketing: it allows grading, processing, storing, transporting and financing the produce.
3. Less equipment and labour.
4. Costly and efficient machinery can be kept: A wheat harvester thresher can be maintained in a highly specialized wheat farm.
5. The efficiency and skill of the labor increased: Specialization allows a man to be more efficient and expert at doing a few things.
6. Farm records can be maintained easily.
7. Intensity of production leads to relatively large amount of output.
8. Better management: fewer enterprises on the farm are liable to be less neglected and sources of wastage can easily be detected.

Disadvantage:

These disadvantages of specialization are evident when the farmer realizes that “all his eggs are in one basket”.

1. There is greater risk: When failure of crop and decreasing market price of the product, demand in market of product.
2. It is not possible to maintain soil fertility-lack of crop rotation.
3. The productive resources i.e. land; labor and capital are not fully utilized.
4. Irregular income of the farm as they get income only once or twice in a year.
5. Proper Utilization of resources is not possible.
6. By product of crop are not property utilized, as numbers of livestock’s are less in number.
7. Due to specialization of a single enterprise, the knowledge about other enterprises vainness.
8. Does not help in supplying all the food needs of the family members of the farmer.

 

Current Category » Farming Systems & Sustainable Agriculture