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Current Category » Farming Systems & Sustainable Agriculture

Classification According to Degree of Nomadic, Cropping pattern and Implements

1. Classification according to degree of nomadic:

a) Total nomadic.

b) Semi nomadic.

c) Transhumant.

d) Partial nomadic.

e) Stationary animal husbandry.

Grassland Farming: In this type of farming, it involves the rearing of animal for economic production and is classified on the basis of nomadic.

a) Total nomadic: In this system, the animal owners do not have permanent place of residence. They do not practice regular cultivation. Their families move with the herds.

b) Semi nomadic: Animal owners have a permanent place of residence, while Supplementary cultivation is practiced. However, for long periods of time, they travel their herd to distant grazing areas.

c) Transhumant: Means seasonal migration of livestock to suitable grazing ground or it is the situation in which farmer with a permanent residence sends their herd with herdsman for long period of time to distant grazing areas.

d) Partial nomadic: Farmer has permanent residence and who have herds at their disposal, which remains in the vicinity.

e) Stationary animal husbandry: Occurs where the animals remain on the holding Or in the village throughout the entire year.

2. Classification According to Cropping Pattern and Animal Activities:

In this system classification according to the leading crops and livestock activities of the holdings.

E.g. Paddy holding, coffee banana holding. Rice-Jute holds, Sugarcane farming.

3. Classification According to Implements Used for Cultivation:

a) Spade farming.

b) Hoe farming.

c) Mechanized or tractor farming.

a) Spade farming: manual labour is used.

b) Moe farming or hoe farming: Bullock power to use for cultivation.

c) Mechanized or tractor farming: Power operated implements are used for cultivation.
E.g. plough, tractor.

Current Category » Farming Systems & Sustainable Agriculture