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Current Category » Practicals on Weed Managemet

Assessment of Plant Response and Data Record

Proper and unbiased assessment of plant responses to treatment is a pre-requisite for the success of a research Assessment should be done weekly, fort nightly of monthly or at most appropriate time after beginning the experiment. The initial assessment should be done at short interval even daily so that the development of the herbicide toxicity on a weed crop can be monitored. The method intercity and frequency of assessment for weed populations and growth as well as crop toxicity.
Except crop yield all other parameters can be assessed by qualitative or quantitative methods or both.

Qualitative Assessment:

For simple observation test and primary screening trials qualitative assessment through visual observation is usually quite efficient. During visual scoring stand and vigour of weed and crop are taken into consideration.

Crop Response:

Visual assessment to weed response is based on the effects like weed kill, weed growth, weed population, injury to weed etc. in a particular treatment.

Crop Response:

Qualitative descriptions of treatment effects on weed and crops in the visual scoring scale of 0-10.

S.N.

Effect

Rating

Weed

Description

1

None

0

No controlled

No Injury normal.

2

Slight

1

Very poor control

Slight stunting, injury or disorders

 

 

2

Poor Control

Some stand loss stunting or discolor

 

 

3

Poor to deficient

Injury more pronounced but not persistent.

3

Moderate

4

Deficient control

Moderate injury recovery possible.

 

 

5

Deficient or moderate control

Persistent recovery doubtful

 

 

6

Moderate control

Near server injury to plants.  No recovery possible.

4

Severe

7

Satisfactory

Severe injury stand loss, almost destroying.

 

 

8

Good control

A new plants for stunting.

 

 

9

Good excellent control

Very few plants alive.

5

Complete

10

Complete control

Complete destruction.

Quantitative Assessment:

No advantage over qualitative assessment.  However it is beneficial for advanced trials, it should be used in secondary screening trials, advanced trials, yield trials and special trials either alone or in combination with qualitative assessment.

Weed Count:

It may be taken by placing quadrant in the field plot at random and counting the number of plants inside the quadrant.  Quadrant size may be 20 X 20 m or 9 X 9 m.  The area under quadrant should be 5 to 10 % of the plot size.

Weed Weight:

In this method weeds are either fresh or after drying once in a experiment.  For experimental weeds, harvesting of weeds however is essential for studying the regeneration pattern under this crop response.

i) Crop Height:

Weed control affect crop with 80 to 90 % died are succeeded.

ii) Second Crop Weight:

One experimental row is used for reading observation.

iii) Crop Yield:

It is the important character for crop performance.

iv) Crop Stand:

Herbicide r frequency affects the survival of plants.  All crop rows are used for crop stand count.

Current Category » Practicals on Weed Managemet