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Current Category » Introduction to Horticulture

Classification of Horticultural Crops based on Use of Horticultural Plants

Use of Horticultural Plants:

i) Edible Plants:  i. Vegetables

ii) Ornamental plants: i. Fruits                                                           

Vegetable:

a) Vegetables Grown for Aerial Portion:
                                                           
1. Cole Crops: Cabbage, cauliflower
             
2. Legume Crops: Peas and Beans     
             
3. Solanaceous Crops: Tomato Brinjal           
 
4. Cucurbits: Cucumber, Red Pumpkin

5. Leafy Vegetables: Spinach, Methi

6. Salad Vegetables: Lettuce, Brocoli

7. Corn Vegetables: Sweet corn and Popcorn

b) Vegetable Grown for Underground Portion:

1. Root Crops: Beet. Carrot

2. Tuber Crops: Yam, potato.

3. Bulb Crops: Onion and Garlic

ii) Fruits

a) Temperate (Deciduous fruits):

1. Small Fruits: Grape, Strawberry

2. Tree Fruits: Apple, pear, Cherry

3. Nuts: Peach, Walnut

b) Tropical and Sub Tropical:
                                                                                               
1. Herbaceous Perennials: Pineapple, Banana

2. Tree Fruits: Mango, Papaya

3. Nuts: Cashewnunt, Aracanut

II) Ornamental Plants

1. Flowering Trees: Gulmohar, Neelmobor, Cassua

2. Road Side Trees: Neem, Baniyan tree, Rain tree

3. Shade Giving Trees: Rain tree, Mahogany

4. Flowering Shrubs:   Nerium, Hibiscus, Tagar

5. Foliage Shrubs: Thuja, Casurina

6. Climbers and Creepers: Petrea, Bignonia, Ipomea

7. Bulbous Plants: Canna, Caladium, Tuberose

8. Hedge and Edges:  Duranta, Clearadendron, Ageratum

9. Annuals: Pitunia, Ainnia.

10. Perennials: Chrysanthemum, Roses.

Deciduous Tree:

Fig., Guava, Apple, Karvanda

Ber, Sweet cherry, Pomogranate

Grape, Mulberry, Phalsa

Almond

Evergreen trees:

Aracanut, Dates, Coconut, Pineapple,

Banana, Jackfruit, Avocads,

Sweet orange, Mandarin orange,

K. lime, Mango, Chicku, Papaya,

Passion fruit, Cashewnunt

Current Category » Introduction to Horticulture