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Current Category » Introduction to Horticulture

Climatic Zones of India

The Indian Union can be broadly divided into temperate, sub - tropical and tropical regions from the climatic point of view. Different fruits can be grown in these regions.

Temperate:

This class of fruits grows successfully in cold regions where temperature falls below freezing point during winter. During the cold season, the trees shed their leaves and enter into rest period. For breaking this rest period or dormancy, a definite chilling period is required. This class includes fruits like apples, pears, walnut, almond, plums, cherries, peaches etc.

Tropical:

This class includes fruit crops which are unable to endure freezing temperatures, some of them being severally injured by even temperature some what above the freezing point. This class required hot and humid climate in summer and milder winter. It includes fruits like mango banana, pineapple, and cashew, Pomogranate, Guava, Annonla and Chicku.

Sub - topical:

These classes of fruits grow mostly in plains where the climate is hot and comparatively dry and the winter is loss severe. It includes fruits like citrus papaya and fig.

The States growing the above three types are given below broadly in the following table.

Temperate

Tropical

Sub-tropical

Kashmir, Kuluvally,
Kahgravalley in Punjab,
Kotgiri and Nahan in
Himachal Pradesh
Kumaon Hills in Up
Crops : Apple, Pears,
Peaches, Cherry,
Almond, Grapes,
Cabbage, Saculta
flower, Roes

West Bengla, some parts
of M.S., Orissa, A.P.,
Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
and Kerala

Crops : Mango, Coconut,
Aracanut, Cashewnunt,
criop, Tomato Chillies,
Chrysanthemum,
Jasmines.

Plains of Punjab and
U.P., some districts of Bihar, M.P. and West Bengal, Rajasthan and some parts of M.S.
Crops : Mango, Grape, Banana, Guava, K. lime, Mosambi, Santra, Fig., Phalsa, Tomato, Brinjal, Bhendi, Potato, Star, Mary gold, Rose etc.

Current Category » Introduction to Horticulture