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Current Category » Production Technology of Medicinal Crops

Classification of Medicinal Plants on the Basis of Parts Utilized

There is a large number of medicinal and aromatic plants in the nature which are used for medicinal and aromatic purposes. Moreover, medicinal plants are sometimes used for aromatic purposes similarly aromatic plants may also be used for medicinal purpose! Hence, classification of medicinal and aromatic plants is difficult. Since there is a large number of plants in these two groups an attempt has been made in this chapter to facilitate for further study.

Classification of Medicinal Plants:

Medicinal plants are generally classified on the basis of their growth habit. It may be either a tree, shrub, herb, annuals, biennial, tubers, rhizomes and climbers.

1) Medicinal Trees:

Sr. No.

Common
Name

Botanical Name

Parts Used

1

Babul

Acacia nilotice Delite

Pods,    leaves,    bark, gum

2

Bael

Aegle marmelos L. Corr.

Roots, leaves, fruit

3

Neerh

Azaflirachta indica

Bark  leaves,   flowers, seed, oil

4

Palas

Butea monossperma (Lam.)

Bark, leaves, flowers, seed, gum

5

Gugul

Commiphora mukulEngh J

Resinous gum

6

Olive

Olea europeae

Leaves, Oil

7

Arjun

Terminalia arjuan Roxb.

Bark

8

Behela

Terminalia bellirica Gaertu

Bark, fruit

9

Hirda

Terminalia bellirica Gaertu

Fruits

10

Nagakesar

Mesua ferrea L.

Blowers, oil     .

11

Markingnut

Semecarpus & anacardium L.

Fruits

2. Medicinal Shrubs:

Sr.No.

Common Name

Botanical Name

Parts Used

1

Davana

Artemisia nilagirica

Leaves, flowering top

2

Safed musli

Aparagus adscendens Roxbi

Tuberous roots

3

Belladonna

Atropa belladonna

Leaves and roots

4

Lavender

Lavandula officinalis

Flowers

5

Sarpagandha

Rauvalfia serpentina L.

Roots

6

Chitrak

Plumbage zeylanica L.

Leaves, roots

 
3. Medicinal Herbs:

Sr.No.

Common Name

Botanical Name

Parts Used

1.

Brahmi

Bacopa monnieri L.

Whole plant

2.

Am haldi

Curcuma amada Roxb.

Rhizomes

3.

Haldi

Curcuma domestica Valet

Rhizomes

4.

Datura

Datura metel L.

Leaves, flowers

5.

Kalazira

Nigella sativa L.

Seed

6.

Afim

Papaver somniferum L.

Latex, seed

7.

Pipli

Piper Longum L.

Fruits, roots

8.

Babchi

Psoralea corylifolia

Seed, Fruit

4. Medicinal Annuals:

Sr.No.

Common Name

Botamical Name

Parts Used

1.

Jangali muli

Blumea lacera

Whole plant

2.

Cockscomb

Celosia cristala L.

Inflorescence

3.

Red poppy

Papaver rhoeas

Flowers

4.

Bhui amla

Phyllantius niruri

Whole plant

5. Biennial:

Sr.No.

Common Name

Botanical Name

Parts Used

1

Bankultthi

Cassia abus L.

Leaves, seeds

2

Caper spurge

Euphorbia lathyrus

Seed latex

3

Catchfly

Melandrium firmum

Whole plant

6. Tubers and Rhizomes:
 


Sr.No.

Common Name

Botanical Name

Parts Used

1

Satavar

Asparagus adscendens Roxb

Tubers

2

Safed musli

Chlorophytum borivilianum

Tubers

3

Puskarmul

Inula racemosa Hook

Roots

4

Sakarkhand

Manihot esculenta crantz

Tubers

7. Biennial:
 


Sr.No.

Common Name

Botanical Name

Parts Used

1

Chocloate vine

Akebia quinata Deene

Stem, fruit

2

Malkunki

Celustrus paniculatus Wild

Bark, leaves, seed

3

Hajodi

Cissus quadrangularis L.

Whole plant

4

Khira

Cucumis sativus L.

Fruit, seed

5

Gudmar

Gymnema sylvestre Retzx

Whole plant, leves

6

Kali mirch

Piper nigrum L.

Fruit

           

Current Category » Production Technology of Medicinal Crops