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Current Category » Production Technology of Medicinal Crops

Package of Practices for Cultivation of Sadaphuli (Periwinkle)

Botanical Name: Vinca rosea or Cathranthus roseus

Family: Apocynaceae

Cultivation of Sadaphuli:

Climate:

Well distributed rain and climate of humid warm nature. It comes well under irrigated conditions.

Soil:

Costal land, laterite soil is good but even it can grow in all types of soils.

Sowing:

Direct sowing or transplanting is adopted. Freshly harvested seeds are used for sowing at the rate of 25 kg/ha. Soak the seeds mix it with sand or neem cake while sowing. Seed generally loose their viability rapidly.

Transplantation:

When seedlings attained height about 1 feet in 60 days, it can be transplanted during evening at the spacing 15 x 30 cm.

Interculturing:
 
Weeding: Hand wedding or hoeing at 30 days interval.

Gap Filling: 30 days after plantation

Fertilizers: N 20 kg, P 30 kg, K 30 kg per hectare.,

Irrigation: 5 - 6 irrigations after rainy season at an interval of 10 days.

Disease: Continuous cultivation for 5 - 6 days in the some land causes yellow mosaic.
 
Harvesting: First harvesting of leaves after 6 months.  Pinching of leaves or apical bunds at days 120 which favours the production of lateral shoots.

Yield:

6 months leaves 1st harvesting, 9 months 2nd harvesting and 12 months roots harvesting.

Under irrigated conditions - No irrigated condition.
3.6 tones/ha dry leaves - 2.0 tones/ha
L5 tones/ha branches (dry) 1.0 tones/ha
1.5 tones/ha-roots (dry) 0.75 tones/ha
Yield may very from place to place and also depends upon crop condition.

Alkaloids:

Vinblastine, vin cristine Ajamlicine, raubasine 9 Total alkaloids 1.5% ) in air dry roots.

Variety: WH - 40 Resistant to Diback.

Current Category » Production Technology of Medicinal Crops