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Current Category » Silviculture and Agro Forestry

Forest Tree Species Used for Different Purpose

i) Industrial Needs: Pulp wood, saw-timber, panel products such as, plywood and other boards, match wood, sport goods etc. constitute the industrial needs. Some of the species for meeting some of the industrial needs are given below:
 
1. Construction:
Acacia catechu, Cedrus deodara, Dalbergia sissoo, Dipterocarpus macrocarpus, Eucalyptus spp., Hopea parvifolia, Mesua ferrea, Pterocarpus santalinus, Shorea robusta, Tectona grandis.

2. Tool handles: Acacia catechu, A. nilotica, Dalbergia latifolia, Diospyros melanoxylon, Mesua furrea, Pterocarpus inarsuipium, Shorea robusta, Terminalia alata.

3. Packin Cases: Abies densa, A. pindrow, Acrorcarpus spp., Ailanthus excelsa, Bombax ceiba, Boswellia serrata, Fiscus spp., Mangifera indica, Kydia calycina, Melia azedarach, Pinus spp.

4. Plywood: Acrocarpus fraxinifolius, Adinacord flora, Dalbergia latifolia, D. sissoo, Dipterocarpus macrocarpus, Gmelina arborea, Mangifera indica, Michelia champaca, Schima wallichii, Shorea assamica, Tectona grandis, T myriocarpa.

5. Doors and Windows: Tectona grandis, Cedrus deodara, Adina cordifolia, Dalbergia latifolia, D. sissoo, Dipterocapus spp., Gmelina arborea, Pterocarpus dalberhioides.

6. Matches: Aillanthus excelsa, Alstonia scholaris, Anthocephalus chinensis, Bombax ceiba, Populus deltoides, Elaecarpus  spp.

7. Lorrboyodies: Aerocarpus fraxinifolius, Albizia libbeck, Artocarpus chaplasha, Dalbergia sissoo, D. latifolia, Dipterocarpus mecrocarpus, Pterocarpus dalbergioides, P. marsupium, Shores robusta, Tectona grandis, Terminalia alata, T myriocarpa.

8. Furniture: Tectona grandis, Dalbergia latifolia, D. sissoo, Pterocarpus santalinus, Adina cordifolia, Gmelina arborea, Dipterocarpus macrocarpus, Pterocarpus marsuipium, Cedrus deodara, Juglans regia.

9. Pulp Wood: Pinus spp., Abies pindrow, Picea smithiana, Bamboos, Eucalyptus spp. and other fast grown hardwoods.

10. Sport Goods: The species for various items of sport goods.
 
ii) Social Needs:

Firewood, fodder, small .timber and poles constitute the social needs. Almost all tree species yield firewood. The important species used for supply of firewood include Acacia nilotica, Leucacaena, Prosopis juliflora, Lagerstroemia spp., Anogeissus latifolia, etc. Fodder yielding species include Leucanea leucocephala, Acacia nilotica, Ficus spp., Azadirachta, Ziziphus spp., Grewia optiva, Celtis australis, Prosopis cineraria, Ailanthus excelsa etc.

iii) Environmental Protection:

Checking water and wind erosion, stabilize soil surface, windbreaks and shelter-belts road, rail and canal side afforestation, rehabilitation of wastelands and industrial sites constitute environmental protection e.g. Acacia catechu, Acacia nilotica, Morus alba, Pupulus delfoids, Swietania Mahagoni.

iv) Land Use Needs:

Tree planting is an integral part of land use for amenity shade, shelter, food, wood, soil productivity, etc. e.g. Artocarpus heterophyllus, Embilca officinalis, Ficus glomerata, Bambusa arundicicae, Hardwickia

 

Current Category » Silviculture and Agro Forestry