AgriInfo.in
AgronomyHorticultureBotanySoil SciencePlant PathologyEntomologyExtentionAgril. EngineeringDairy ScienceEconomics
 
categories
 
» Silviculture and Agro Forestry
» Vegetable Production - Olericulture
» Production Technology of Horticultural Fruit Crops
» Introduction to Horticulture
» Ornamental Horticulture
» Production Technology Plantation Crops
» Production Technology of Spices
» Production Technology of Aromatic Crops
» Production Technology of Medicinal Crops
» Post Harvest Management of Fruits and Vegetables
agriculture information

Current Category » Vegetable Production - Olericulture

Statistics of Area and Production of Vegetable in India

Statistics on area and production of vegetable crops is not so accurate. It is highly essential t develop some procedure to work out proper figures of area and production. It is most important for planning its production as per population. As per recommendation of different every adult has to consume 250-300 g of vegetable per day.
India is the second largest producers of vegetable with 2.8 % of total cropped area under vegetables. An increase of 2.5 % per year in vegetable production is also necessary. Present production of 1.5 million tones of vegetable supply only 145 g per capita per day against recommended requirements of 300 g.

Area and Production of Different Vegetable Crops in India:

Sr. No

Vegetable

Area (000 ha )

Production (000MT)

1

Potato

1120

18500

2

Cabbage

220

4200

3

Tomato

330

5000

4

Cauliflower

280

500

5

Onion

405

4300

6

Brinjal

310

3300

7

Beans

145

390

8

Peas

148

2150

9

Cucumber

17

114

Area Production and Productivity of Different States:

Sr.No

States

Area (M ha)

Production (MT)

Productivity (t/ha)

1

Orissa

0.87

8.7

10.0

2

Uttar Pradesh

0.86

13.88 I

16.13 III

3

Bihar

0.85

12.28 II

14.44

4

West Bengal

0.51

5.39

10.56

5

Karnataka

0.29

5.70

19.65 II

6

Kerala

0.24

2.78

11.58

7

Maharashtra

0.21

2.95

14.04

8

Tamil Nadu

0.17

4.39

25.82 I

Source: NHB, 1998:

In India growing of vegetable is 4.8 times more remunerative than cereals and other filed crops. Vegetable cultivation generals more employment. India has to ling way to accelerate the vegetable production by developing high yielding varieties, varieties resistant to pests and diseases, hybrids and production technologies. Still there is a need to achieve target for supply of minimum 200 g and Qpt 300 g. vegetable per capita per day.
 

Current Category » Vegetable Production - Olericulture