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Current Category » Vegetable Production - Olericulture

Cultivation of Indian Bean (Dolichos lablab)

Botanical Name:

Dolichos lablab (Roxb) and L.

Family:

Leguminaceae.

Indian bean is primarily grows for its green pod. Young pods are cooked as vegetable. Schaffausen (1963) reported then Indian bean is used for pod, feed and soil improvement.

Climate:

Indian been is relatively a cool season and wrought resistant crop. The plants starts fruiting from the beginning old cold season 2 ½ - 3 months after sowing and continue to give green pods through winter and spring month.

Soil and its Preparation:

Indian peas can grow in a wide range of soils. But loam, silty loam and clay loam soils are best suited for Indian bean. The land is prepared thoroughly by giving 5 – 6 ploughing.

Sowing of Seed:

a) Time of Sowing:

Filed varieties are sown with the advent of the monsoon in July- August, come into flower in Novemeber – December and are harvested in January – February.

b) Seed Rate:

The seed rate is 8 to 10 kg/ha.

c) Method of Sowing:

The seeds may be sown in rows, or on ridges by drilling or by dibbling. Flat bed and ridges and furrow layout is used. Spacing is 90 X 90 cm or 1m X 1m.

Interculture:

2- 8 weeding are required for control of weeds. Spraying insecticides and fungicides from the time to time for control of insect pests and diseases.

Irrigation:

Indian bean is commonly cultivated as rained crop. Irrigation will be given as and when required.

Harvesting:

The Indian bean becomes ready for harvesting after two and half to three months of sowing. Full grown bean is harvested according to the need.

Yield:

The average yield is 100 to 120 quintal of green pods per hectare.

Varieties:

Dasara, dipali, Kankan Bushan, local.

Dolichos Bean (Dolichos Purpureus):

1. Kankan Bushan:

Green pod yield is 80- 100 quintal per heater. Pods are slightly curved tender and stingless. Bushy growth habit. Inflorescence is white.

2. Dasara:

Notified during the year 1985- 86. Suitable for Kharif season. Pole type growth habit, fruit length 10- 11 cm and breath 2.0 to 2.5 m. fruits are violet in colour. Seeds are milky white, oval shaped with black spot. Average yield is 150- 200 quintals per heater.

3. Deepali:

Notified during the year 1985- 86, suitable for Kharif season. Pole type growth habit, fruits are milky in colour, fruit length 20-25 cm and breath 3.0 to 3.5 cm. seeds are red in colour. Fruits are ready for pickling in 150 days. Yield is 150 – 200 quintal per heater.

4. Phule Gauri:

It is developed by pure line selection. Pods are whitish green in colour, attractive tender flat and slightly curved. It is to the vars. Dasara and Deepali for riled. Average yield is 259 quintals per ha. It is good for both the Kharif and Rabi season. It is tolerant to leaf miner and pod borer.
 

Current Category » Vegetable Production - Olericulture