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Current Category » Principles of Plant Breeding

Clone and Characteristics of Clones

Clone is a group of plants produced from a single plant through asexual reproduction or progeny of single plant obtained by asexual reproduction is known as clone.

Thus, asexually propagated crop consists of a large number of clones. Therefore, these crops are also known as clonal crops. All the members of a clone have the same genotype as the parent plant; due to this they are identical with each other in genotype. However, phenotypic differences within clone do not have a genetic base and are purely due to environmental effects.

Characteristics of Clones:

1. Identical Genotype:

All the individual belonging to a single clone are identical in genotype.

2. Lack of Genetic Variation:

The phenotypic variation present within a clone is due to environment only.

3. The phenotype of clone is due to the effects of genotype (G) , the environment ( E) and the genotype X environment interaction ( G X E), over the population mean. Thus, phenotypic differences among clones would be partly due to their genotype and partly due to E and GE components.

4. Immortality:
Clones are immortal i.e. a clone can be maintained indefinitely through asexual reproduction.

5. Severe Inbreeding Depression:

Clones are highly heterozygous and shows severe loss in vigour due to inbreeding.

Current Category » Principles of Plant Breeding