AgriInfo.in
AgronomyHorticultureBotanySoil SciencePlant PathologyEntomologyExtentionAgril. EngineeringDairy ScienceEconomics
 
categories
 
» Principles of Seed Technology
» Principles of Plant Breeding
» Introduction of Plant Biotechnology
» Breeding of Field and Horticultural Crops
agriculture information

Current Category » Breeding of Field and Horticultural Crops

Practical Achievements in Drought and Salt Resistant Breeding

Breeding for drought resistance is an important objective of plant breeding programmes in many crops. In India about 73.5% the agriculture is represented by dry land farming. In the rainfed areas, crops generally suffer from drought at one or the other stage. Hence, breeding work on drought resistance is carried out in almost all the International and National Crop Research Institutes. In India, drought and salinity resistant or tolerant varieties have been developed in several crops.

Drought and Salinity Tolerant or Resistant Varieties of Some Crop Plants Released in India:

Name of Crop

Drought Tolerant Varieties

Salinity Tolerant Varieties

Sugarcane

CoS 510, Bo1, Co1148, Co449, Co997, Co1158, Co62175,and Co6907.

Co453, Co997,Co62399, Co7717,C01149,CoS767 and Bo 91.

Bread Wheat

NP4, NP720, Pb9-D, C217, C281, K46, RS 31-1, Ao88, Ao113, Ao115.

-

Durum Wheat

Motia, Gulab, Jay, Vijay, Arnej.

-

Cowpea

IGFRI 437, IGFRI 450

 

Okra

 

Pusa sawani

Rice

Akashi

Mohan

Cotton

MA9, MCU10

-

Onion

 

Hisar 2 and Punjab selection

Barley

Karan 280

Ratna, RS6, Karan 18.

Groundnut

Jyoti, DH3-30

-

Sunflower

EC 68414, EC 68415

-

Bajara

BJ 104

-

        
Drought resistant varieties have been developed in several crops in many countries throughout the world. In wheat, drought resistant varieties have been developed in China and USSR. All these varieties have been developed through induced mutations. In Luthyrus  saliva, a drought resistant variety , has been developed by induced mutations in USSE. In India, drought resistant varieties have been evolved in cotton. Rice , sugarcane, ( Co258, Co312, Co740, Co997, Co1148 and COLK 8001) and several other crops. In cotton, drought resistant varieties have been developed through induced mutations.

In India, breeding work for salinity resistance is mainly carried out at Central Soil salinity Research Institute, Karnal (Haryana). Several salt resistant varieties of rice, barley, wheat and sugarcane (CO453 and CO62175) have been released. Soil salinity is a serious problem throughout the world in some areas. Hence breeding work on salt resistance is carried out in all important International and some National Crop Research Institutes. Salt resistant variety of rice has been released from Indonesia and that of wheat from china. In India, salinity resistant varieties have been developed in sugarcane, okra, rice, onion, and barley.

Current Category » Breeding of Field and Horticultural Crops