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Current Category » Bio-chemistry

Biochemistry – Definition and History

What is Biochemistry?

The term Biochemistry was first introduced by. German scientist / chemist CARL NEUBERG in 1903

Definition of Biochemistry:

Biochemistry may be defined as a science concerned with chemical nature and chemical behaviour of the living matter. Biochemistry may be treated as a discipline in which biological phenomenon are analyzed in terms of chemistry. Hence termed as biological chemistry or Chemical Biology

History of Biochemistry

In terms of history biochemistry is a young science.

Sr. No.

Period

Name of Scientist

Contribution

1

1742-1786

Karl Wilhelm Scheele

Isolated citric acid, lactic acid, malic acid

2

1743-1794

Antoine Lavoisier

Father of biochemistry, developed the concept  of  oxidation  of  organic materials

3

1838

Berzelius

Suggested the name proteins

4

1822-1895

Louis Pasteur

Identified organises responsible for fermentation.

5

1852-1919

Emil Fischer

Studied  structure  of carbohydrates, Amino acids and fats.

6

1906

F. G. Hopkins

Concept of deficiency diseases

7

1912

Funk

Isolated and characterized the curative agent for scurvy (Vitamin   C), rickets (Vit. -D D), Beriberi (Vit-B1)

8

1954

Watson and Crick

Helical model of mucleic acid

9

1926

J.B. Sumner

First   crystallized   enzyme  crease, Father of modem enzymology

10

1935

Rose

Discovery of the first essential amino acid threonine.

11

1929

Haworth

Formulation of sugars  as Pyranose form OR Furanose form

Definition Biochemistry:

Biochemistry deals with study of

1. The nature of the chemical constituents of the living matter and the chemical substances produced by living things.
2. The functions and transformations of their chemical entities in biological systems.
3. The chemical and energetic changes associated with the transformation in the course of the activity of living matter.

Current Category » Bio-chemistry