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Current Category » Rural Sociology and Educational Psychology

Classification of Family

The families can be classified according to various criteria:

a) On the Basis of Lineage:

1) Patrilineal Family: When properly inheritance and reckoning descent along the male line (father).

2) Matrilineal Family: When it is along the female (mother) line.

b) On the Basis of Headship:

1) Patriarchal Family: In this case father is head of the family.

2) Matriarchal Family: In this case mother is head of the family.

c) On the Basis of Transfer of Bride Groom:

1) Patrilocal Family: There are the families where wife transfer to the husbands house after marriage.

2) Matrilocal Family: Where husband transfer to the wife’s house after marriage.Matrilineal families are matrilocal families.

d) On the Basis of Number of Mates:

1) Monogamous Family: In this case the husband marries only one wife.

2) Polygamous Family: In this case the husband can marry more than one wife.

3) Polyandrous Family: In this case the wife can marry more than one husband.

Nuclear or Conjugal or Individual Family:

Such a family consists of married couple and their children, and is well separated from other relatives who may pay short visits if at all.

Consanguineal Family:

Such a family consists often of grandparents, their sons, their sons ‘wives and even their sons’ grand children. Consanguincal literally means “of one blood”. Eldest male member is the head of family.

Current Category » Rural Sociology and Educational Psychology