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Parts of Window Operating Systems

The fig 6.3.3 shows a typical window with standard labeled components of a window.

Title Bar:

It is a horizontal Bar at the top of the window. The title of the running application or file is displayed in this bar. It is also the means for moving the window-when you point the mouse cursor to this bar and drag the mouse, you move the window on the screen.


The frame surrounds the window, when you point the mouse to one of the edges or corners, the mouse cursor changes to arrow cursor with points at both ends. Dragging that cursor changes window size.

Control Menu:

Each window has a control menu, at the left hand top corner, which contain commands for manipulating the Window. i.e. moving, resizing, maximize, minimize etc.

Menu Bar:

It contains the titles of pull down menus. The titles in the bar may very from application to application. Clicking title of a menu in the menu bar opens the particular menu of commands.

Work Space:

Workspace is the blank portion of a window within it.

Scroll Bars:

Generally, there are two scroll bars to a window. A vertical scroll bar at the right hand edge of the window and a horizontal scroll bar at the button of the window. These scroll bars enables scrolling the contents in the workspace horizontally and vertically.
There are a number of button on the window as brifed below.

Minimize and Maximize Buttons:

The size of a window can be minimised or maximised by clicking the minimise or maximise buttons respectively. These are located at the right hand top corner of the window.

Restore Button:

The window size can be restored to previous size by clicking restore button.

Close Button:

 This button is located at the right hand top corner of the window, near restore button. Clicking the close button will close the window.


Various utility programs like my computer, network neighborhood, recycle bin etc, are provide by Windows 95 and later versions. These are briefed below.

My Computer:

Activating my computer icons on the desktop, you see a window as shown in fig. 6.3.4. The contents of this window depend on the devices connected to the computer and the network support. These icons can be activated to open disk derives, control panel, access to printers etc. To see the contents of a drive the specific icons be double clicked to activate it. All file management work can be done using this application by opening respective drive window and drag and drop techniques.

Network Neighborhood:

When this icon is activated, it opens a window that displays other computers and shared printers in the computer network.

Recycle Bin: 
All deleted files are put in recycle bi, when the icon is activate, it lists contents of the recycle bin, if needed, a file in the recycle bin can be restored back or deleted permanently by using this utility.

Control Panel:

Control panel utility facilities setting up of the hardware components in the system, configuration of network, adding new hardware to the system etc.

Current Category » Basics of Computer