Basic Elements of Rural Development
There are at least three basic elements which are considered to constitute the ‘true’ meaning of rural development. They are as follows: (1977).
1. Basic Necessities of Life:
People have certain basic needs, without which it would be impossible (or very difficult) for them to survive. The basic necessitates include food, clothes, shelter, basic literacy, primary health care and security of life and property. When any one or all of them are absent or in critically short supply, we may state that a condition of ‘absolute underdevelopment’ exists. Provision of the basic necessities of life to everybody is the primary responsibility of all economies, whether they are capitalist, socialist, or mixed. In this sense, we may claim that economic growth is a necessary condition for improvement of the ‘quality of life’ or rural people, which is rural development.
2. Self Respect:
Every person and every nation seeks some sort of self-respect, dignity or honour. Absence or denial of self-respect indicates lack of development.
In this context, freedom refers to political or ideological freedom, economic freedom and freedom from social servitude. As long as society is bound by the servitude of men to nature, ignorance, other men, institutions and dogmatic beliefs, it can not claim to have achieved the goal of ‘development’. Servitude in any from reflects a state of underdevelopment.