Broad Categories of Biotechnology
The new biotechnology may be classified into the following four broad categories:
1. Techniques for cell and tissue culture likely to produce substantial impact on agriculture.
2. Technological development associated with fermentation processes, particularly those in the chemical sector which include the enzyme immobilization technique. These techniques are already creating some impact in several industrial branches. E.g. Production of enzymes and amino acids.
3. Techniques that apply microbiology for the screening, election and cultivation of cells and micro-organisms.
4. Techniques for the manupulation and transfer of genetic material.