Classification of Family
The families can be classified according to various criteria:
a) On the Basis of Lineage:
1) Patrilineal Family: When properly inheritance and reckoning descent along the male line (father).
2) Matrilineal Family: When it is along the female (mother) line.
b) On the Basis of Headship:
1) Patriarchal Family: In this case father is head of the family.
2) Matriarchal Family: In this case mother is head of the family.
c) On the Basis of Transfer of Bride Groom:
1) Patrilocal Family: There are the families where wife transfer to the husbands house after marriage.
2) Matrilocal Family: Where husband transfer to the wife’s house after marriage.Matrilineal families are matrilocal families.
d) On the Basis of Number of Mates:
1) Monogamous Family: In this case the husband marries only one wife.
2) Polygamous Family: In this case the husband can marry more than one wife.
3) Polyandrous Family: In this case the wife can marry more than one husband.
Nuclear or Conjugal or Individual Family:
Such a family consists of married couple and their children, and is well separated from other relatives who may pay short visits if at all.
Such a family consists often of grandparents, their sons, their sons ‘wives and even their sons’ grand children. Consanguincal literally means “of one blood”. Eldest male member is the head of family.