Classification of Social Groups – Based on Social Class
People carry on their group relations with others influenced by class structure. Accordingly groups are classified into two types:
1. Horizontal Groups
2. Vertical Groups.
1. Horizontal Groups:
These groups often organize themselves of a personal from the same level of society. The persons are alike in the status or position in the class system of society. Farmers, blacksmith, carpenter would be the members of their respective occupations belong to a horizontal group.
2. Vertical Groups:
Vertical groups are those groups that are composed of members from different social strata. Its membership cuts vertically across the horizontal groupings in society e.g. political parties. The persons of different classes (i.e. lower and upper) work together in close relationship to promote their parties interest.