Compost & Composting
Compost is the well rotted plant and animal residue. Composting means rotting of plant & animal remains applying in fields. It is largely a biological process in which micro-organism of both the types, aerobic and anaerobic, decompose organic matter and lower the Carbon: Nitrogen (C: N) ratio of refuse.
Compost making is the process of decomposing plant residues in a heap or pit rather than in the soil with a view to bring the plant nutrients in more readily available form. The essential requirements of decomposing are air, moisture, optimum temp. And a small quantity of ‘N’.
Types of Compost/Methods of Composting:
Based on the composting material used and the composition of the final product, composting methods are classified in two types:
1. Farm or Rural Compost
2. Town or Urban compost.