Defination of Taxonomy, Systamatics Classification of Insects
Taxonomy: It is derived from Greek word Taxis means arrangement and noms means laws. Taxonomy was first proposed by de Candelie in 1813 for plant classification. It is the theory and principles of classifying organisms. It can also be defined as the branch of Entomology which deals with the study of insect nomenclature and classification the basis of morphological characters.
Systematic: It is developed by early naturalist, Carlous Linnaeus. It is study of diversity and classification of organisms.
Classification: It is the ordering of organisms into a hierarchy of categories.
Class: It is sub group of phylum in which insects of a particular class show similar characters. The class always end with ‘a’ for e.g. Insecta.
Order: It is a group of families showing similar characters. It always ends with ‘ra’ for e.g. Diptera, Coleoptera, and Lepidoptera.
Super Family: It is a group of families showing similar characters. It ends with ‘idea’ for e.g. Papilionoidea.
Family: It is a group of sub families showing characters. It always ends with ‘idea’ for e.g. Noctuidae, Papilionoidae.
Sub Family: It is a group of allied genera showing similar characters. It ends with ‘inae’ for e.g. Papilioniae.
Genera: It is a group of species having similar characters.
Species: It is a group of insects having similar characters which can breed easily. It is last category of classification.
Hierarchy: It is the organization with grades of authority from highest to lowest.