Different Methods of Planning Orchard
5. Diagonal or quincunx,
1. Square System:
In this case a tree is planted on each corner of a square whatever may be plating distance. This plant commonly followed as it is easy to layout, inter cropping and cultivation is visible in two direction e.g. Mango, Banana and citrus crops.
2. Rectangular System:
This system is similarly that of the sequre system in its layout except in this layout except in this layout row to row and crop to plant spacing is not some. E.g Grape ( 3 *2 m ).
3. Hexagonal System:
In this method the trees are planted each corner of equilateral triangular. This way six trees from ber with the seventh tree in the center. The trees are equally space from each other. In this system inter cultivation is difficult.
4. Triangular System:
In this system they are planted as in the square system but the plants in th 2nd, 4 th, 6 th, and other alternate rows. These systems have no special advantages over the square system except more space for the trees and inter corps. It is difficult for layout cultivation.
5. Diagonal or Quincupy:
It is differing from some symptom by planting and additional tree in the center of each square of plant of trees. The central tree is usually the filler tree which only for a shorter period. In this layout population becomes double than square system of mango+ papaya, mango+ fig.
6. Contour System:
It is only followed on hills with high slopes. In this case the tree rows are planted along a uniform slope and usually at right angle to the slope with the idea of reducing loss of top soil due to soil erosion.
The marking should be done from lowest level of top.