Features of Garden
The extensive modern garden is usually make up of the following parts or features.
1. Lawa :
Lawn is an important component of a garden. No garden is complete without the presence of lawn. More details are furnished about making a lawn and its maintenance in next chapter.
2. Shrubs and Shrubberies:
Groups of shrubs planted of corners will be useful in natural designs. Shrub borders of informal (allowed to grow without trimming) or formal (trimmed to a particular height) can border the main walks and paths. A shrubbery is a border planted with different kinds of shrubs and a shrub border is one where only one kind of shrub is used.
3. Climbers and Creepers:
Climbers and creepers are used to grow against or over walls, trellieses, arches, pergolas, arbour, pillars or large trees. These climbers may b e light or heavy depending upon the amount of wood it produces.
They form the rnahl frame work of the garden. They are generally planted along the boundaries. Masses of trees in a corner will help to give depth and perspective. A spreading tree is an ideal feature for ‘picnic’ ground in large public garden. Trees with, beautiful or fragrant flowers or hand some foliage or forms and trees which provide adequate shade are grown in gardens.
5. Flower Beds and Borders:
Several flowering annuals and herbaceous perennials can be grown in beds and borders. Flower beds of simple design can be laid out on the out skirts of lawn along the foundation of buildings. In the path leading to the entrance of the house and on sides of foot steps.
Borders are continuous beds of more length than width containing plants of a heterogeneous character as distinguished from flower beds which are composed of plants of one kind only. Borders can be had on the sides of paths, walks and drives or in front of shrubberies and trellises with climbers.
6. Ornamental Hedges:
A good live hedge is essential to enclose a garden ornamental ‘internal’ hedges can also be planted inside the garden with attractive foliage or flowering shrubs. These are pruned to maintain a height of 50-65 cm. They help to divide the garden into a number of parts; each will have its own distinct feature. 7 Edges or edging :
These are the materials of any description which is used in gardens for dividing-beds, borders etc. from roads, walks or paths demarcating spaces allotted for particular purpose, as flower beds. These can be either dwarf growing plants (Eupotorium Altemantherd) which would stand frequent trimming or they may be made of bricks, stones or concrete slabs.
8. Drives, Roads, Walks and Paths :
All these should occupy minimum space and not be too many in number. They should serve to link one part with the other part. Paths may be made up of earth, brick, concrete or be paved. Paved paths are particularly effective in formal gardens. Paving can be done by. flat stones or concrete slabs or bricks. Sometimes paving with irregularly sized stones to create an odd pattern will result in a cra2y path. The inter spaces can be planted with ground spreads.
9. Carpet Beds:
In large public garden, close growing plants like Verbena or AUernanthera are-used to form certain designs or letters of alphabet. Foliages are better suited than flowering plants as they stand serve clipping much better. Carpet beds are troublesome to maintain in good health. They require constant attention. The plants should be trimmed now and then, not allowing them to over grow.
This is intended to bring together in a short space. An idea of a mountain or alpine gardens with plants growing in the crevices of rocks. This is an elevated structure resembling a miniature mountain range or the slope of a hill with a few dominant peaks or valleys.
Certain plants are often trimmed to shapes of animals, birds, seats etc; The shrubs which are amenable for bending and withstanding frequent trimming are suitable for developing topiary. Cupressus, Casuarina and Bogainvillea are suitable for topiary work.
It refers to the arrangement of potted colourful foliage of flowering shrubs and flowering annuals or herbaceous perennials around a tree or any central object such as a Statue. These potted plants are often arranged in tiers.
13. Conservatory or Green House or Fern House or Fernery :
There are certain ornamental plants with beautiful foliage or flowers or both which cannot thrive in the open, exposed to direct Sun or wind. Such plants can be grown in conservatory or green house or fernery wherein required shade, humidity and clothes are provided. By having a small pool inside, the conservatory is rendered cool and humid. Shade is provided by growing a creeper over the roof which will not shut out light completely.
Fems, Anthurium, Dieffenbachia, Peperomia are some of the examples of plants which are commonly grown inside a green house.
14. Sunken Garden :
This is formed taking advantages of a natural depression. The garden goes down through a series-of terraces to a small pool or a fountain at the bottom. In the terraces, flower beds and strips of lawn are laid out. It breaks the monotony of flat ground in a garden.
15. Garden Adornments :
There are several garden adornments and accessories such as Fountains, Statues, Garden seats, ornamental pots and Pillars, arches and pergolas, trellises, hanging baskets, tubs, vases and urns with plants which make the garden more enjoyable. Planning of a fountain is an interesting feature in a garden and the water in the cistern should be kept clean. Garden seats made up of stones, concrete or metal are placed under the tree. Handsome tubs, vessels and ums are utilized to display plants in conspicuous places. Arbours, arches, pergolas.and trelises serve as support to several beautiful plants and to dispel monotony in garden.