First Aid Precautions In Case of AID Precautions in Case of Pesticide Poisoning
In case of pesticide poisoning call a physician immediately. Awaiting the physician’s arrival, apply first aid.
1. Swallowed Poisons:
Remove poison from the patient’s stomach immediately by inducing vomiting. Give common salt 15 g in a glass of warm water as an emetic and repeat until vomit fluid is clear. Gently stroking or touching the throat with the finger or the blunt end of a spoon will aid in inducing vomiting when the stomach is full of fluid. If the patient is already vomiting do not five emetic but give large amounts of warm water and then follow the specific directions suggested.
2. Inhaled Poisons:
(a) Carry the patient (do not let him walk) to fresh air immediately.
(b) Open all doors and windows.
(c) Loosen all tight clothing.
(d) Apply artificial respirations if breathing has stopped or is irregular; avoid vigorous application of pressure to the chest.
(e) Prevent chilling.
(f) Wrap the patient is convulsing, keep the patient as quiet as possible.
(g) If the patient is convulsing, keep him in some dark room. Avoid jarring noise.
(h) Do not give alcohol in any form.
3. Skin Contamination:
(a) Drench the skin with water.
(b) Apply a stream of water on the skin while removing clothing.
(c) Cleanse the skin thoroughly with water.
(d) Rapid washing is most important for reducing the extent of injury.
4. Eye Contamination:
(a) Hold eye lids open.
(b) Wash the eyes gently with a stream of running water immediately. Delay of even a few seconds greatly increases the extent of injury.
5. Prevention of Collapse:
(a) cover the patient with a light blanket.
(b) Do not use a hot water bottle.
(c) Raise foot of bed.
(d) Apply elastic bands to arms and legs.
(e) Give strong tea or coffee.
(f) Hypodermic injection of stimulants, such as caffeine and epinephrine.
(g) Fluid administration of dextrose 5% intravenously.
(h) Blood or plasma transfusion.
(i) Do not exhaust the patient by too much or too vigorous treatment.