Importance And Scope Of Meteorology
Almost all social, industrial, agricultural, commercial, transports etc. Activities directly or indirectly are affected by weather and climate. The atmosphere affects and sustains human life, animal, micro- organisms, insects, pests, plants, tree’s forests and marine culture at all times during every stage of growth and development Meteorology has therefore, greatest scope on every human enterprise in the modern Life.
The fields of applications are given below to illustrate the scope of meteorology.
1. Safe Navigation:
For safe navigation on sea the knowledge of adverse weather i.e. large tidal waves, ocean waves, high speed wind, cyclonic storms etc is needed which is supplied in weather forecast from meteorology.
2. Safe aviation:
For transport through air, the pilots need the information about atmospheric conditions such as the electric lightening, high speed winds and their directions, thunder storms, foggy atmosphere etc. So pilots can go safely. For this purpose accurate forecasts are needed and are only possible from meteorology.
Many industries for their raw material depend on agricultural produce and accordingly location of industry is decided, so it is necessary to consider the weather and climate e.g. sugar mill, distillery, jute mill etc.
4. Animal Production:
Beef, poultry and milk production also depend on weather and meteorology provides the information for successful animal production and animal husbandry.
Fishermen need information of atmospheric and oceanic changes before they proceed on sea for fishing and this is possible from meteorological knowledge.
6. Irrigation and water resources:
Meteorological and hydrological information assists in planning the location size and storage capacities of dams to ensure water supply for irrigation and domestic needs. When and how much to irrigate is also decided from the meteorological information.
7. Land use planning:
The meteorological data supplemented with soil and topographic information help to plan the sites for the specific land use for drop production, forests, urban residence, industry etc.
8. Human Life:
Human being tries to acclimatize himself with the prevailing weather conditions, for this they manage for type of clothing, housing food habit etc.
Warm cloths during winter and thin cloth during summer are used.
Direction of windows, doors for proper ventilation, roofing-plain in low rainfall region whereas. Slanting roof in the areas where rainfall is more and frequent in occurrence.
8.3 Food habits:
Heavy diet during winter season is recommended whereas during summer season more quantum of water consumption is needed.
9. Human health:
If any sudden change in the climatic conditions is experienced it results into equdemics of material fever. Asthma patent suffers more during cloudy conditions.
Trading of any item is made according to need of the people in relation to weather prevailing e.g. Gum shoes, umbrella and raincoats are generally traded in rainy season only, woolen cloths in winter season and white cotton cloths. Cold drinks etc. are in more demand in summer season.