Introduction to Principles of Agronomy
“Principles of agronomy deals with basic concepts & common agronomic principles & much more than crop to crop management approaches”
This principle of agronomy is useful for the application with many crops.
The principle of agronomy is based on two major purposes:
1. To develop an understanding of the important principles underlying the management.
2. To develop the ability to apply these principles to production situations
Major Principles to Agronomy:
1. Agrometerology: study of climatic factors in related to agriculture.
2. Soils & Tillage: Tillage is the agricultural preparation of the soil by ploughing, ripping, or turning it. There are two types of tillage: primary and secondary tillage. Soil is a natural body consisting of layers of mineral constituents of variable thicknesses, which differ from the parent materials in their morphological, physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics.
3. Soils & Water conservation: Water conservation refers to reducing the usage of water and recycling of waste water for different purposes like cleaning, manufacturing, agriculture etc.
4. Dry land Agriculture: Dry land farming is an agricultural technique for cultivating land which receives little rainfall.
5. Mineral Nutrition of plants, Manures & Fertilizers: Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements that are necessary for plant growth.
6. Irrigation & water management: Water management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and optimum use of water resources under defined water polices and regulations
7. Weed Management: Management of unwanted plant in field.
8. Cropping & Farming systems.
9. Sustainable Agriculture: Sustainable agriculture refers to the ability of a farm to produce fertile soil and cows, without causing severe or irreversible damage to ecosystem health