Landscape gardening involves integration of space, plants and other accessories in an aesthetic manner to meet the needs of the man. This branch of horticulture is an important field in which architecture, art and horticulture (knowledge of plants and their cultural requirement) are combined to achieve beauty and utility.
The space here refers to the land as well as vertical space. Accessories includes mountains, rivers, natural ponds, statues and other garden adornments. Plants include all types of plant materials viz. trees, shrubs, creepers, and climbers, annuals, biennials, herbeaceous perennials, bulbous plants, ornamental palms, lawn grasses etc. The primary requisite before landscaping a place is the ‘plan* to a scale indicating the location of permanent features such as road, rocks, large trees, buildings or the central object viz. the house etc.