Main Lines of Activity in Community Development Programme

Main Lines of Activity in Community Development Programme


The main lines of activity which will be undertaken in a community project can be briefly divided into the following:

a)  Agriculture and Related Matters:

The programme includes reclamation of available virgin and wasteland; provision of commercial fertilizers and improved seeds; the promotion of fruit and vegetable cultivation, of improved agriculture technique and land utilization; supply of technical information, improved agricultural implements, improved marketing and credit facilities; provision of sol surveys and prevention of soil erosion, encouragement of the use of natural and compost manures and improvement of livestock, the principal emphasis here being on the establishment of key villagers for breeding pedigree stock and the provision of veterinary aid, as well as artificial insemination centers.  For attaining this objective, agricultural extension service will be provided at the rate of one agricultural extension worker for every 5 villages.

b)  Irrigation:

The programme visualizes provision of water for agriculture through minor irrigation works, e.g. tanks, canals, surface wells, tube wells etc. the intention being that at least half of the agricultural land, if possible, be served with irrigation facilities.

c)  Communication:

The road system on the country side is to be so developed as to link every village within the project area up to a maximum distance of half a mile form the village, the latter distance being connected by feeder roads through voluntary labour of the villagers themselves, only the main roads being provided for and maintained by the state or other public agencies.

d)  Education:

It has been realized that the full development of a community cannot be achieved without a strong educational base, alike for men and women.  The community projects have been planned to provide for social education, expansion to basic type, provision of educational facilities for working children and promotion of youth welfare.

Vocational and technical training will be emphasized in all the stages or the educational programme.  Training facilities will be provided for imparting improved techniques to existing artisans and technicians, both in urban and rural areas.  Training centers which already exist in any area, will be strengthened and developed, and new ones established to meet the requirements of the project area.

e)  Health:

The Health Organization of the project area will consist of 3 primary health unit equipped with a hospital and a mobile dispensary at the headquarters of the project area and serving the area as a whole.  It would aim at the improvement of environmental hygiene, including provision and protection of water supply; proper disposal of human and animal wastes; control of epidemic diseases such as Malaria, Cholera, small-box, Tuberculosis etc. provision of medical aid along with appropriate preventive measure, and education of the population in hygienic living and in improved nutrition.

f)  Supplementary Employment:

The unemployed and the under-employed persons in the village community will be provided with gainful employment to such extent as in possibly by the development of cottage and small-scale industries, construction of brick-kilns and saw mills and encouragement of employment through participation in the tertiary sector of the economy.

g)  Housing:

Apart form the provision of housing for community projects personnel, steps will be taken, wherever possible, to provide demonstration and training in improved techniques and designs for rural housing.  In congested villages, action in the direction of development of new sites, opening of village parks and playgrounds and assistance in the supply of building materials, may also be necessary.

h)  Training:

The training of village level workers, project supervisors and other personnel for the community development programme will be carried out in 30 training centres which have been set up with the assistance of the Ford Foundation of America.  Each training centre will have facilities for about 70 trainees.  Each centre will have double training staff so that the trainees can be divided into two groups.  One group will be getting practical and supervisory work experience, while the other group will be utilizing the centers’ facilities for lectures, demonstrations and discussions.  The training period will be limited to six months.  Other than this, step will be taken for the training of the agriculturists, panches and village leaders.

i)  Social Welfare

There will be provision for audio-visual aid for instruction and recreation, for organizations of community entertainment sports activities and melas.

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