Organisation for Crop Improvement in India

Organisation for Crop Improvement in India

The setup of public organisation and projects concerned with crop improvement are either directly or indirectly related to ICAR. The various organisations concerned with crop improvement are described briefly in the following sections under the headings

1) Indian council of Agricultural Research,
2) Central institute for crop improvement,
3) Agriculture universities,
4) All India coordinated crop improvement projects and
5) Ad hoc research projects.

Central Institutes, Bureaus, and National Research Centres (NRCs) Engaged in Research Work on the Various Aspects of Crop Production:



Year Established


Central Arid Zone Research Institute ( CAZRI)

Jodhpur ( Rajasthan)


Research on aridity in arid and semi-arid regions

Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology ( CIRCOT)

Matunga (Mumbai, Maharashtra)

1924 ( Transferred to ICAR in 1966)

Evaluation of quality of new strains, 9 regional units

Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres ( CRIJAF)


1953 ( established in Dhaka in 1939, under ICAR since 1966) 1970

Jute, Mesta, ramie, sisal and sunhemp , earlier jute Agricultural Research institute

Central Plantation Crops Research Institute ( CPCRI)

Kasaragod ( Kerala)


 5 regional stations, 7 research centres, 2 seed farms, plantation crops and tree spices.

Central Potato Research Institute ( CPRI)

Simla ( H.P)

1949 ( Established at Patna, shifted to Simla in 1956)

Potato, 7 regional stations, 4 seed multiplication centres.

Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI)

Cuttack ( Orissa)

1945 ( Under ICAR since 1966)

Rice, 4 substations

Central Soil Salinity Research Institute ( CSSRI)

Karnal ( Haryana)


Management of alkaline soils, 1 substation ( a breeding section)

Central Tobacco Research Institute

Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh)

1947 ( Under ICAR since 1965)

Tobacco, 6 stations

Central Tuber Crops Research Institute(CTCRI)

Sreekartiyam Trivandrum ( Kerala)


Tuber crops other than potato

Central institute for Cotton Research ( CICR)

panjari, Nagpur ( Maharashtra)



Central Institute of Post-harvest Engineering and Technology ( CIPHET)

PAU campus, Ludhiana (Punjab)


Post Harvest technology

Central Soil and Water Conservation Research and Training Institute ( CSWCRTI)

Dehradun (U.P)


Research / training in soil and water conservation.

Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering ( CIAE)

Nabibagh Bhopal (M.P)


Agricultural and related equipments

Central Institute for Sub-Tropical horticulture ( CISTH)

Dilkusha, Lucknow ( U.P)



Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture ( CITH)

Santanagar, Srinagar ( J and K)


Temperate Horticulture species

Central Institute for Dry land Agriculture (  CRIDA)

Santhosh Nagar, Hyderabad (A.P)


Dry land Agriculture

Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI)

Port Blair, Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep Group of Islands


Agricultural and animal science and fisheries

ICAR Research Complex for Goa ( ICARRCG)

Elaold (Goa)



ICAR Research Complex for North Eastern Hills Region ( ICAR- RCNEHR)

Barapani ( Meghalaya)


Agricultural and animal science and fisheries, 9 stations.

Indian Agricultural Research Institute ( IARI)

New Delhi

1905 ( shifted to Delhi in 1936 from Bihar)

Teaching and Research , 14 substations

Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute ( ICFRI)

Jhansi ( U.P)

1962 ( transferred to ICAR in 1966)

Research on fodder and forage crops

Indian Institute of Horticultural Research ( IIHR)

Hessaraghatta ( Bangalore, Karnataka)


Horticultural crops, 3 stations

Indian Lac Research Institute ( ILRI)

Namkum ( near Ranchi, Bihar )

1925 ( Under ICAR since 1966)

Research on lac cultivation and processing.

Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (IISR)

Dilkusha, Lucknow ( U.P)

1952 ( Under ICAR since 1969)

Sugarcane ( Breeding included)

Indian Institute of Pulses Research ( IIPR)

Kanpur (U.P)


Improvement work on pulse crops

Indian Institute of Vegetable Research ( IIVR)

Varanasi( U.P)


Improvement work on vegetables

Indian Institute of Spices Research ( IISR)

Calicut ( Kerala)



Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI)

Pusa ( New Delhi)



Indian Institute of Soil Science (IISS)

Bhopal ( M.P)



National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibres Technology ( NIRJAFT)

Calcutta ( W.B)


Technologies research on jute and other fibres

National Academy of Agricultural Research Management ( NAARM)

Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh)



Sugarcane Breeding Institute (SBI)

Coimbatore ( Tamil Nadu)

1912 ( under ICAR since 1966)

Sugarcane;2 substations

Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan shala( VPKAS)

Almora ( U.P)

1924 ( Shifted to Almora , U.P, in 1936 , under ICAR since 1976)

Agricultural research for hills ( including breeding)

National Bureaus




National Bureau of Plant genetic Resources ( NBPGR)

IARI campus ( New Delhi)


Introduction, collection maintenance and export of plant germplasm.

National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources ( NBFGR)

Dariyapur Lucknow (U.P)


Fish Germplasm

National bureau of Animal Genetic Resources ( NBAGR)

Karnal ( Haryana)


Animal Germplasm

National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning ( NBSSLUP)

Nagpur ( Maharashtra)


Detached from IARI

National Research Centres ( NRCs)




NRC for citrus ( NRCC)

Nagpur ( Maharashtra)


Research on Citrus

NRC for Soybean ( NCSS)

Indore (M.P)


Research on soybean

NRC for Cashew ( NRCC)

Puttar (Karnataka) Hyderabad (A.P)


Research on cashew

NRC on Sorghum (NRCS)

Hyderabad (A.P)


Research on sorghum

NRC for Arid Horticulture ( NRCAH)

Bikaner (Rajasthan)


Arid horticulture

NRC for groundnut ( NRCG)

Juganath ( Gujarat)


Research on groundnut

NRC on plant Biotechnology

IARI campus ( New Delhi)


Research on plant biotechnology

NRC for Rapeseed and Mustard ( NRCRM)

Sewar, Bharatpur (Rajasthan) pune


Research on rapeseed and mustard

NRC for onion and Garlic ( NRCOG)

Pune ( Maharashtra)


Research on onion and garlic

NRC for Grapes(NRCG)

Pune ( Maharashtra)


Research on grapes

NRC for Banana (NRCB)



Research on banana

NRC for Agro forestry (NRCAF)

IGFRI campus, Jhansi


Agro forestry

NRC for DNA fingerprinting ( NRCDF)

IARI campus ( New Delhi)


DNA fingerprinting

NRC for Medicinal and Aromatic plants( NRCMAP)

Anand ( Gujarat)


Research on mushroom

NRC for orchids

Pakyong ( East Sikkim)


Research on orchids

National Centre for Integrated Pest Management ( NCIPM)

IARI campus ( New Delhi)


Integrated pest Management

NRC for weed science ( NRCWS)

Jabalpur (M.P)


Weed Control

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