Rabi Commercial Crop Production II

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Rabi Commercial Crop Production II

Crop

Chilli

Turmeric

Ginger

Onion

Family

Solanaceae

Zinziberaceae

Zinziberaceae

Lilaceae

Botanical Name

Capsicum annuam

Curcuma longa

Zibgiber officinale

Allium cepa

Origin

Brazil

South Asia

South –East Asia

Middle Asia

Varieties

Jwala, Pant C-1, Sankeshwari

Rajaprui, Karadi, Lokhandi, selum

Mahim, China, Kali-kat, Cochin

Pusa red, N-53, phule safed,N-241

Sowing time

Kharif: June – July. Rabi : Aug- Sept. summer: Feb-Mar.

15th May – 15th June

15th May – 15th June

Kharif –July, Rabi- November

Sowing method

Transplanting

Ridge & furrow Broad ridge

Ridge & furrow Broad ridge

Ridge & furrow Broad flat bed

Seedrate (per ha.)

1.5 kg seed

2000-2500 mother sets

1000-1200 rhizome sets

Bulb- 5-6kg seed – 1200-1300kg bulbs

Spacing

L-60 x 60cm M-75 x 75 cm H-90 x 90cm

30 x 30 cm

30 x 30cm

15 x 7 cm

Manuring (kg/ha)

15-20 t FYM,R-50N:40P:40K, I-90N: 50P: 50K

30 t FYM, 120 N:37P: 37K

30 t FYM, 70N:30P:30K

30 t FYM, 50N : 25P : 50K

Duration

G.chilli-3m R.chilli – 3 ½ month

8 to 9 ½ months

7 to 8 months

4 to 4 ½ months

Yield

Dry red: R: 5 to 6 qt. Irr. – 15 to 20 qt.

Finger 15 -18t. Mother 2-3t.

R. ginger : 7 – 10 t.

K-bulb ; 12 -15t. R-bulb: 20 – 25 t

Pests

Thriphs, cut worm, Aphid

Rhizome fly, shoot boring caterpillar

Rhizome fly, shoot boring caterpillar

Onion thrips, leaf eating caterpillar

Diseases

Damping off, dieback, Leaf crul, Anthracnose

Leaf spot, Rhizome rot

Leaf spot, Rhizome rot

Damping off, Downey mildew

Remarks

Veg. varieties: Bullnose Pungency: due to capsaicin

Use: condiment, medicine, cosmetic, dye, kum-kum

Use : spice, medicine, sunt

Pungency: allyl propyl disulphide

 

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