Social Forestry Practices
The Social Forestry Practices Include:
1) Raising wind breaks on the dry farm lands
2) Planting shelter belts
3) Planting along road sides intensively
4) Planting up the village common lands and wastelands
5) Planting along railway lines and canal banks
6) Planting small wood lots on the farm if it is large
7) Planting of grooves near villages and along highways for recreation and rest
8) Planting foreshore areas of irrigation tanks
9) Planting of saline and calcareous soils unsuitable for agriculture
10) Reclamation of waterlogged areas or areas susceptible to inundation by planting trees
11) Planting of river and stream banks and training the rivers
12) Reclamation of highly eroded lands and controlling erosion
13) Raising of trees on soil conservation bunds
14) Planting of trees in urban areas – environmental planting
15) Raising of irrigated plantation of teak and mulberry
16) Afforestation of command areas of irrigation projects.
Methods of Practice of Social Forestry:
Social forestry may sub divided into farm forestry, extension forestry and urban forestry. Practice of forestry on farm lands is farm forestry. Practice of forestry outside the farm lands and outside the reserve forests is extension forestry.
Includes, rising of wind breaks, shelter, belts, and farm wood kots, raising trees in village common land etc
Includes raising tree crops on canal banks, railway lines- and road sides, under high tension electric lines, afforestation of foreshore areas of tanks and reservoirs, reclaiming lands unsuitable for agriculture under tree crops.
Rising of tree crops in urban, areas L as a forest or for amenity planting, to prevent and minimize pollution.
By now it is well appreciated that there is essential need for social forestry programme and farm forestry development.