Sprinkler Irrigation and Its Adaptability
It is a overhead irrigation, which spray the water through nozzles under pressure over the soil and crop.
In sprinkler method of irrigation, water is spread into the air and allowed to fall on the ground surface somewhat resembling rainfall. The spray is developed by flow of water under pressed through small orifices of nozzles. The pressure is usually obtained by pumping. With careful selection of nozzle sizes, the operating pressure and sprinkler spacing the amount of irrigation water required to refill the crop root zone can be applied nearly uniformly at the rate to suit the infiltration rate of the soil, there by obtaining efficient irrigation.
Adaptability of Sprinkler Irrigation:
Sprinkler irrigation can be used for almost all crops (except rice and jute) and on mot soils however, it is not usually suitable in very fine textured soils ( heavy clay soils), where infiltration rates are less than 4 mm per hour. The method is particularly suitable to sandy soils that have high infiltration rates.