Sugarcane Sets Planting Methods
There are four methods of planting sugarcane:
A) Ridge and furrow method.
B) Flat bed method.
C) Rayungan method.
D) Trench or Jawa method.
A) Ridge and Furrow Method:
1. This is the most common method of sugarcane planting followed in Maharashtra.
2. In this method the ridges and furrows are opened with the help of ridger by keeping 120 cm distance between furrows in heavy soil and 105 cm distance in light to medium soil.
3. Main and sub-irrigation channels are opened at appropriate distance.
4. First sets are laid on the top ridges end to end and later planted in furrows by two ways known as wet method and dry method of planting.
Wet Method: This method is followed in light to medium soil. Irrigation is given to the field before planting. Sets are planted by pressing 2.5 to 5 cm deep in furrows with feet or hand. The sets are placed end to end by facing buds on sides.
Dry Method: This method is followed in heavy soil to avoid the pressing as sets deep into the soil. Sets are placed in the furrow end to end by facing eye buds on sides and covered by giving a layer of soil. After completion of planting irrigation is given to the field.
B) Flat Bed Method:
1. Flat bed method of sugarcane planting is followed in North Indian states like U.P.; Bihar etc.
2. The land is ploughed, harrowed, leveled and flat beds are prepared.
3. Cane sets are laid down in the flat beds end to end in rows.
4. 60 to 90 cm. distance is kept between two rows depending upon soil type.
5. They are pressed into soil with hand or feet to a depth 2.5 to 5 cm and covered with soil.
6. At the time of planting care should be take that buds should face on the sides otherwise lower buds cannot germinate.
7. This method is followed where there is abundant moisture.
8. Earthing up operation is done in rainy season.
C) Rayungan Method:
1. Rayungan method is followed for adsali sugarcane planting at river side’s fields in heavy rainfall areas of Kolhapur district.
2. In these areas usually cane fields get flooded during rainy season which affects on germination.
3. In such cases set cannot be planted directly in main field.
4. Single bud sets are planted vertically in nurseries which are prepared high lying area of the farm in the month of June – July.
5. After six weeks the sprouted sets are transplanted in the main field when the danger of flooding is over.
D) Trench or Jawa Method:
1. This method is practiced in Jawa and Mauritius.
2. Trenches are made about 90 to 120 cm. apart and 22 to 30 cm. deep.
3. The soil at bottom is loosened and mixed with manures.
4. The sets are planted in the middle of the trenches and covered with soil.
5. Irrigation is given after completion of planting.
6. This method produces large clumps of cane which do not lodge when tied together.
7. The damage from wild animals is also less.
8. This method has not given good results with Indian varieties hence not followed in India.