What is Agriculture?
Agriculture is the backbone of our Indian Economy.
Agriculture is a very broad term encompassing all aspects of crop production, livestock farming, fisheries, forestry, etc.
Agriculture is the most important human economic activity.
Agriculture is the activity of man for the production of food, fiber, fuel, etc. by the optimum use of terrestrial resource i.e. land & water.
Definition of Agriculture:
The word agriculture comes from the Latin words ager, means the soil & cultura, means cultivation.
“Agriculture can be defined as the cultivation and/or production of crop plants or livestock products.”
Agriculture includes Crop Production, Animal Husbandry & Dairy Science, Agriculture Chemistry & Soil Science, Horticulture, Agril Economics, Agril Engineering, Botany, Plant Pathology, Extension Education and Entomology, which develops its separate and distinct branches of agriculture occupying now a days place in several Agril Universities in the country.
“Conventional Agriculture is the term for predominant farming practices and systems of crop production adapted by farmer in a particular region”
Agriculture can be termed as a science, an art & business altogether.
Science: because it provides new and improved strain of crop and animal with the help of the knowledge of breeding and genetics, modern technology of dairy science.
Art: because it is the management whether it is crop or animal husbandry.
Commerce (Business): because the entire agril produce is linked with marketing, which brings in the question of profit or loss.